One of the Seven wonders of the Ancient World,The great pyramids of Giza. The last remaining of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world. these are maybe the most famous and the most discussed structures in the history of the world.
These big monuments were unexcelled in height for thousands of years. After their construction and continue to amaze and enchant us. With their overwhelming seemingly and mass impossible perfection. Their strict positioning and impressive construction has evoked many theories about their origins. Including unsupported suggestions that they had hypothetical creature impulsion.
Even so, by looking into the several hundred years prior to their outgrowth on the Giza plateau, it becomes very clear that these unbelievable structures were the result of many experiments, some more successful than others, and represent a phase in the development of the royal mortuary complex.
Three primary pyramids, three ruler’s generation
The three particular Great Pyramids Of Giza Egypt plateau were built over the traverse. Of three generations by the rulers Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure. Each pyramid was part of a royal crematory complex that also included a temple. At its base and a long stone render (some nearly about 1 kilometer in length). Starring east from the plateau to a valley temple on the edge of the floodplain.
Some other (smaller) pyramids, and other small tombs
In additive to these major structures, some other several smaller pyramids belonging. A major land site of smaller tombs, known as mastabas. (Arabic for ‘bench’ in reference to their shape— rectangular, flat-roofed with sloping sides). Fills the area to the east and west of the pyramid of Khufu and were constructed. In a grid-like pattern for spectacular members of the court. Being buried near the pharaoh was a great honor and helped. Ensure a prized place in the afterlife according to old generation.
A reference to the sun
The shape of the pyramid was a solar allusion. Possibly planned as a solidified version of the rays of the sun. Texts talk about the sun’s rays as a ramp the pharaoh mounts to climb to the sky—the earlier pyramids, such as the Step Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara—were actually designed as a staircase.
Many queries remain about the construction of these big monuments. Discovery of a town for workers to the south of the plateau has offered some answers to the related queries.
It is probable that there was a perpetual group of skilled builders and craftsmen who were provided by seasonal crews of more or less 2,000 enlist peasants. Further on these crews were divided into gangs of 200 men approx. and with each group further divided into teams of 20 persons.
Experiments indicate that these groups of 20 men could haul the 2.5 ton blocks from quarry to pyramid in approx. 20 minutes, their path eased by a lubricated surface of wet silt. An estimated 340 stones could be moved daily from quarry to the construction site, particularly when one considers that many of the blocks (such as those in the upper courses) were considerably smaller.
Where they appear as big and distant monuments rising up from a barren, open desert. Visitors might be surprised to find, then, that there is a resort and a golf course only a few hundred feet from Great Pyramids Of Giza Egypt,
and that the growing suburbs of Giza (part of the greater metropolitan area of Cairo) have spreaded-out, right up to the foot of the Sphinx. This urban intrusion and the problems that come with it—such as illegal activities, waste, pollution and auto traffic—are now the biggest threats to these invaluable examples of global cultural heritage.
The organization has sponsored over a dozen missions to evaluate their status. It has supported the restoration of the Sphinx. As well as measures to curb the impact of tourism and manage the growth of the neighboring village.
Still, threats to the site continue: air pollution from waste incineration contributes to the degradation of the stones, and the massive illegal quarrying of sand on the neighboring plateau has created holes large enough to be seen on Google Earth.
Egypt’s 2011 uprisings and their chaotic political and economic aftermath also negatively impacted tourism, one of the country’s most important industries, and the number of visitors is only now beginning to rise once more.
UNESCO has continually monitored these issues. But it is the biggest task with regard to Giza has been to advocate. For the rerouting or shifting of a highway that was originally slated to cut through. The desert between the pyramids and the necropolis of Saqqara to the south.